The fourth industrial revolution has begun. Factories all over the world are changing and becoming increasingly more digital and interconnected.
This change also entails some risks, but like all changes, it brings about huge opportunities. The entrepreneurs and managers who will implement this change most quickly will have a chance to
take advantage of the opportunities introduced by this new economic epoch, better known as digital economy.
Industry 4.0 is the result of the natural evolution of this fourth industrial revolution, a process which will bring about totally automatised industrial production.
The new industrial technologies will enable the industry to interact with various new important
macroareas: data collection and storage (Big data, Internet of Things), their analysis, using the cloud technology which, through powerful calculation systems, enables enterprises to get value from the processing of aggregated data, thus enhancing the "machine learning" process, through which machines will be more and more able to learn by themselves. Another fundamental point will be the human-machine interaction. Suffice it to think how today in the automotive sector the most developed technologies enable humans to interact with cars through sophisticated sensors and touchscreens, or the new potentials offered by augmented reality technologies. Finally, the so-called inverted factor is also present, that is how the new technologies interact with the real world, for example through robotics and 3D printing.
This new industrial revolution, like the previous ones, will change our relationship with work. The differences between soft and hard skills, smart manufacturing and smart working will become
clearer, defining the new digital tasks of our future work.
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